Date of Award

2014

Document Type

Honors Project

University Scholars Director

Dr. Jeff Keuss

First Reader

Dr. Jeff Keuss

Second Reader

Dr. Alberto Ferreiro

Abstract

This project looks at two holy sites in the Christian world and their respective pilgrimages: El Camino de Santiago de Compostela in Galicia, Spain and El Santuario de Chiamyó in New Mexico, USA. The project first discusses the general background of pilgrimage, specifically in the Christian tradition, laying some theological and historical foundations. It then looks at the history of El Camino de Santiago de Compostela up through the modern day, tracing the importance of the pilgrimage and the associated saint, Santiago Mayor (The Apostle James the Greater). The project then continues to El Santuario de Chimayó and discusses its development through pre-Christian native beliefs in the area, the associated saints Nuestro Señor de Esquípulas and El Santo Niño de Atocha, and its birth and growth as a holy site. The project concludes by tying El Santuario de Chimayó back to Santiago de Compostela, looking at the medieval hagiography, presence of Santiago, and transformations similar between the two but also the unique development of identity at each location. This comparison between these two unique sites connected by heritage hopes to provide perspective on the evolution of Christian pilgrimage throughout time and history by illustrating El Santuario de Chimayó as a continuation of evolution of the spirit of El Camino de Santiago de Compostela.

Comments

A project submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements of the University Scholars Program.

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