Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy in Industrial/Organizational Psychology (PhD)


Industrial/Organizational Psychology

First Advisor/Committee Member

Dr. Paul R. Yost, Ph.D.

Second Advisor/Committee Member

Dr. Emily Pelosi, Ph.D.

Third Advisor/Committee Member

Dr. Helen Chung, Ph.D.


catalytic behaviors, COVID-19, physical activity, resilience practices, resilience strategies, spillover behaviors


Resilience is of increasing interest to researchers and practitioners as the organizations where they work have become increasingly complex and dynamic. The recent COVID-19 pandemic has only magnified its importance. COVID-19 provides a unique opportunity to study how people navigate challenges and face adversity to be resilient both at home and at work. The main question organizations, teams, and employees are asking is how individuals gain and sustain resilience. To that end, theory and research has suggested a vast array of practices or strategies that individuals can engage in to build resilience to be better prepared to overcome adverse situations or challenges. However, the number of practices can be overwhelming and determining which practices should take precedence is unclear. The purpose of this study is to investigate a subset of the most promising resilience practices (i.e., physical exercise, sleep, active coping, growth reframing, use of social support, and applied mindfulness) to determine which are most likely to act as catalysts for other practices and ultimately be related to higher resilience. Growth reframing, exercise, and active coping were shown to be significant catalysts for other resilience practices strengthening the spillover model.

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