Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy in Counselor Education (PhD)



First Advisor/Committee Member

Dr. Cher Edwards

Second Advisor/Committee Member

Dr. June Hyun

Third Advisor/Committee Member

Dr. Munyi Shea


Motivational Interviewing, School Counselor Preparation Programs, School Counselor Trainees


In a data-driven educational landscape, it is essential that School Counselor Preparation Programs (SCPPs) train School Counselor Trainees (SCTs) to use effective counseling techniques (Goodman-Scott, 2015; Perusse, Poynton, Parzych, & Goodnough, 2015), especially given their high caseloads (ASCA, 2012, 2018b; Astramovich, Hoskins, Gutierrez, & Bartlett, 2013; Moyer, 2011; DeMato & Curcio, 2004). The primary researcher for this study investigated how SCPPs train SCTs to use Motivational Interviewing, an evidence-based counseling style that utilizes person-centered techniques to increase clients’ motivation to make positive changes in their lives (Miller & Rollnick, 2013). The researcher used a qualitative, multiple case study design to investigate the MI training at three SCPPs, specifically by interviewing one counselor educator at each SCPP and by examining syllabi and textbooks. Using these data sources, the primary researcher and research assistant identified five themes: a) state of MI training over time, b) counselor educators’ training in MI, c) program-wide topics related to MI training, d) MI ideas and techniques, and e) challenges. As a result of the findings, the researchers discussed implications including the need for a program-wide strategy for MI training, a shift to broader utilization of MI, clarity about essential aspects of MI for SCTs, and increased MI training for counselor educators.