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missions, Caribbean, India, South Africa, Moravian, Methodist, Baptist, Pietist


This chapter examines eighteenth-century evangelical missions as they developed in India, the Caribbean, and South Africa. Early Evangelical missionaries were involved in many other geographical contexts, but these locations were among the most formative for the future trajectory of the movement. The political contexts and evangelical mission theories and practices in these places highlight the transcontinental connections and relationships among missionaries as well as Indigenous leaders of evangelical efforts. Pietist, Moravian, Methodist, Baptist, and independent evangelical mission illustrate the diversity of early evangelical institutions, perspectives, and practices. The institutions, churches, and movements these groups established in the early years of evangelical movement profoundly influenced subsequent generations of Indigenous Christian practices around the world.


Chapter 25 of The Oxford Handbook of Early Evangelicalism, available at

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