Date of Award

Spring 5-21-2022

Document Type

Honors Project

University Scholars Director

Dr. Christine Chaney

First Advisor/Committee Member

Dr. Elisabetta Ipino


gender, judicial system, race, sentencing, white-collar crime


White-collar crimes cause businesses and individuals to lose billions of dollars a year. This paper discusses the criminal justice system in regard to the white-collar crime and discrimination by the basis of gender and race within sentencing. First an analysis is given on who commits white-collar crimes, by looking at the rates and motives of those committing white-collar crimes on the basis of first gender and race. An analysis through literature review compares sentencing of females and people of color compared with the rates of white males who make up the majority of those committing white-collar crimes. The findings suggest that men are imprisoned more than women for white-collar crimes, due to societal views and rates of participation, but in the case of race, people of color commit less white-collar crimes and are imprisoned at higher rates due to fines, bias, and the systems in place.


A project submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Bachelor of Arts degree in Honors Liberal Arts Seattle Pacific University

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